What guides the choices that adults and children make? Is the process of making choices different in at risk children? When we make choices, we factor in immediate pleasure value, long term pleasure value, immediate harm value and long term harm value. We also look to those in authority to help us make choices.
Recent studies show that the brain mechanism involved in making choices is different in those with addiction, antisocial behavior and ADHD. These children and adults tend to put too much emphasis on immediate pleasure value when making choices. They are also not influenced by authority to the same extent others are.
This different method of making choices causes affected children and adults to take risks seeking pleasure.